"The Final Invasion"The 225th Anniversary of the Battle of SpringfieldJune 25-26, 2005
Jonathan Dayton High School139 Mountain Avenue, Springfield, NJ 07081
Host Unit: 3rd New Jersey Regiment, "Jersey Blues"
Thanks to all who made the 225th Anniversary of the Battle of Springfield an outstanding success, especially our own Mark Hurwitz
whose tireless efforts paid off big time. If you missed this one, you are missing some great memories. However, you may console yourself with
pictures of the event at:http://revwar.hardsdisk.net/springfield.html
The 3rd at the 200th Anniversary of the Battle of Springfield in 1980
HISTORY HAPPENED HERE: On June 23rd, 1780, the climactic battle of the final invasion of NJ was fought in Springfield. Approx. 6,000
Crown forces under Gen. Knyphausen attacked from Staten Island, NY, via Elizabethtown, NJ, attempting to seize the Hobart Gap in the
Watchung Mts. and then Morristown. He was stopped by Gen. Greene with a force of approx. 2,000 Continentals and NJ Militia.
Springfields defense was bolstered by the heroic actions of Rev. James Caldwell, whose wife, Hannah, was killed on June
7th at Conn. Farms (now Union, NJ), becoming NJs "Jenny McCrea". During the height of the battle, Caldwell
took the old Watts Hymnals from the 1st Presbyterian Church, gave them to the troops for "wadding" and cartridge
paper, shouting, "Give em Watts, Boys!" "Put Watts Into em, Boys!"
Hard fought by units like the British Guards, 22nd, 42nd, 43rd Regts, Royal Artillery, 17th
Lt. Dragoons Jersey Vols., Queens Rangers, Jaeger Corps, Donop & Bose Regts, and stopped at Springfield by the bravery of Maxwells
Jerseymen, Angells Rhode Islanders, "Light Horse Harry" Lees
Dragoons and many others, the town was burned to the ground upon the withdrawal of British forces. When studying the American Revolution,
only a handful of towns or communities were burned to the ground by the British in an act of terror to militarily intimidate the population.
Lexington & Concord were not. Springfield was.
Only 4 houses survived; 3 behind American lines to the South & West, and the historic "Cannonball" House, a British field
hospital which was struck by an American 4 lbr. during the battle. (Today, its owned and run by the Springfield Historical Society.)
It took 14 yrs. for the town to recover and formally incorporate in 1794.
If you have not read it already, get Thomas Flemings classic The Forgotten Victory from the library, which is the best book
on the battle and reads like a novel.
IN MEMORIUM: This Event was dedicated to the Memory of Pvt. Murry Hurwitz, 3rd NJ Regt,
(1917-1998), who organized and participated in the BAR events of 1980 & 1994.
Copyright © 2005 Third New Jersey Regiment, Inc.